Bordeaux

Commonly thought of as the king of French wine, Bordeaux has, for centuries, commanded high prices and set the bar for notariety vintage quality.   The Bordeaux region is sliced into 38 sub-regions with 57 different appellations, many with high quality wines at reasonable market prices..

The Bordeaux region is naturally divided by the Gironde Estuary into a Left Bank area which includes the Médoc and Graves and a Right Bank area which includes the Libournais, Bourg and Blaye. The Médoc is itself divided into Haut-Médoc (the upstream or southern portion) and Bas-Médoc. The Medoc has a larger amount of Merlot while Pessac and Graves have a larger preponderance of Cabernet Sauvignon.



Appellation Characteristics:

Max. Summer Temp.
85°F

Altitude
Sea level - 100 m

Main Soil Types

The soil in Bordeaux and the terroir of Bordeaux can be split into two distinctive types. On the Left Bank of Bordeaux, the best terroirs are predominantly gravel based. On the Right Bank of Bordeaux, the soils are dominated by clay and limestone. These two distinctive soil types give the wines of Bordeaux much of their personality and character

Average Rainfall
923 mm

Latitude 48° 84′  N

Longitude  0° 58′ E

Types of Grape

90% of all Bordeaux wine is devoted to growing grapes to produce red wine. Only 10% of the grapes planted in the Bordeaux region are reserved for the production of white wine. There are 10 allowable grape varietals allowed by AOC law that can be used for the production of Bordeaux wine. That breaks down to 6 grapes for making red wine and 4 grapes that can be used in the production of white Bordeaux wine. These primarily include: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Malbec and Carmenere.

Bordeaux styled blends are also referred to as Left Bank blends, which are dominated by Cabernet Sauvignon, Right Bank blends, which are made primarily from Merlot or Cabernet Franc. 

White Bordeaux wine, most often referred to as Bordeaux Blanc is produced from blends featuring mostly Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon and Sauvignon Gris. Although, you find Muscadelle in minor amounts included in the blends for the sweet, white wines.