Côtes du Rhône

The Côtes du Rhône encompasses much of the land of the area, not to mention much of the wine – over two-thirds of the wine produced here is of the Côtes-du-Rhône appellation. Wines here need only be from the Côtes de Rhône geographic area (which is fairly large) and consist of one or more of the 22 varieties permitted. Being such a wide classification, it's a surprise and joy that so many of these wines reach such a high quality. While there are areas in the Northern Rhône that meet the classification of Côtes du Rhône, most all of this appellation is in the Southern Rhône. Wines here are based mostly on Grenache, like other Rhône reds, while the whites focus on Marsanne and Roussanne. Viognier is also allowed although typically used in smaller quantities.


Producers, Southern Rhone:

                      Domaine Les Lys

                      Le Mas de Flauziers

                      Domaine le Vieux Lavoir

Producers, Northern Rhone:

                      Domaine Gilles Flacher


Appellation Characteristics:

Max. Summer Temperature

101°F

Altitude
40-300 m

Main Soil Types

Sandy rock, limestone-slate, and galets roules (smooth round stones) inland to more alluvial soils near the coast

Average Rainfall

750 mm

Latitude 43° 95′ 32” North

Longitude  -1° 26′ 59” East

Types of Grape

The red wines are made from Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache, Syrah, Carignan, Cinsault and Mourvedre are major grapes of the Corbières, Faugères, Fitou, and Minervois AOCs.

The white wines are made from Chardonnay,  Sauvignon Blanc, Chenin Blanc and Mauzac.

Cinsault is also commonly used in rosé production along with Lladoner Pelut, Picpoul Noir, Terret Noir and Grenache. Grenache is also the main grape used in the fortified wines of the Banyuls and Rivesaltes region.